Open-wedge high tibial osteotomy

Ortopedia

2013

Autore: Ferretti A.

comparison between manual and computer-assisted techniques

PURPOSE
The purpose of our study was to compare clinical and radiological results of two groups of patients treated for medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee with either conventional or computer-assisted open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO). Goals of surgical treatment were a correction of the mechanical axis between 2° and 6° of valgus and a modification of posterior tibial slope between -2° and +2°.
METHODS
Twenty-four patients (27 knees) affected by varus knee deformity and operated with HTO were prospectively followed-up. They were randomly divided in two groups, A (11 patients, conventional treatment) and B (13 patients, navigated treatment). The American Knee Society Score and the Modified Cincinnati Rating System Questionnaire were used for clinical assessment. All patients were radiologically evaluated with a comparative lower limb weight-bearing digital radiograph, a standard digital anteroposterior, a latero-lateral radiograph of the knee, and a Rosenberg view.
RESULTS
Patients were followed-up at a mean of 39 months. Clinical evaluation showed no statistical difference (n.s.) between the two groups. Radiological results showed an 86% reproducibility in achieving a mechanical axis of 182°-186° in group B compared to a 23% in group A (p = 0.0392); furthermore, in group B, we achieved a modification of posterior tibial slope between -2° and +2° in 100% of patients, while in group A, this goal was achieved only in 24% of cases (p = 0.0021).
CONCLUSION
High tibial osteotomy with navigator is more accurate and reproducible in the correction of the deformity compared to standard technique.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE
Therapeutic study, Level II.

Pubblicato su Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy

Pubmed

ALTRE PUBBLICAZIONI

LA REVISIONE DI PROTESI D’ANCA CON SOSTITUTI OSSEI DI ORIGINE EQUINA

CHIRURGIA CONSERVATIVA PER L’ARTROSI DEL GINOCCHIO

Allografts versus Equine Xenografts in Calcaneal Fracture Repair

Pubmed