Osteoplant, an equine flexible cortical and cancellous bone tissue, is a promising material for bone grafting in orthopedic, maxillofacial and dental surgery. Osteoplant is completely resorbable, inducing osteoclast activation and promoting the substitution of the scaffold with new bone. To study how Osteoplant can induce osteoblast differentiation in mesenchymal stem cells, the expression levels of bone related genes and mesenchymal stem cells marker were analyzed, using real time Reverse Transcription-Polymerase chain Reaction. Our results shiw that Osteoplant is an inducer of osteogenesis on human stem cells, as showed by the activation of bone related genes ALPL, sPP1 and RUNx2, and by the down-regulation of the mesenchymal stem cells marker ENG.
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