Ricerca Scientifica

A XENOGENIC BONE DERIVATIVE AS A POTENTIAL ADJUVANT FOR BONE REGENERATION AND IMPLANT OSSEOINTEGRATION: AN IN VITRO STUDY

2017
Autore : Bellone G.

Equine enzymatically deantigenated xenograft stimulates the expression of growth factors involved in bone regeneration

This study examines the in vitro effects of a natural bone derivative (NBD) extracted from equine bone and containing both natural, non-synthetic bone hydroxyapatite and native, non-denatured, type I bone collagen as a possible active compound for stimulating bone regeneration and implant osseointegration. The activity of NBD was tested on bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs), evaluating their growth/viability by the methylthiazol tetrazolium (MTT) assay and their migration potential by a scratch assay. Moreover, expression of the hyaluronic acid receptor (CD44) and the C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4, CD184) on the surface of BMSCs was assessed by flow cytometry, and the release of Transforming Growth Factor (TGF)-β, Interleukin (IL)-1α and IL-6 was quantified using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The effect of NBD-coated implants on human osteoblasts was tested by measuring alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity with the p-nitrophenyl phosphate (pNPP) degradation test. NBD stimulated BMSC growth/viability, migration, CD184 surface expression and the release of TGF-β1. NBD-coated implants increased ALP activity of human osteoblasts. 

Tissue Eng Regen Med
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