Ricerca Scientifica

CELL-MATRIX INTERACTION IN BONE: TYPE I COLLAGEN MODULATES SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION IN OSTEOBLAST-LIKE CELLS

1995
Autore : Stauber D.J., Schotland S., Kleeman C.R., Green J., Clemens T.L.

Cell interaction with extracellular matrix (ECM) modulates cell growth and differentiation.

By using in vitro culture systems, we tested the effect of type I collagen (Coll-I) on signal transduction mechanisms in the osteosarcoma cell line UMR-106 and in primary cultures from neonatal rat calvariae. Cells were cultured for 72 h on Coll-I gel matrix and compared with control cells plated on plastic surfaces. Agonist-dependent and voltage-dependent rises in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) were significantly blunted in cells cultured on Coll-I compared with cells grown on plastic. In UMR-106 cells, the collagen matrix effect was mimicked by 24-h incubation with soluble Coll-I or short peptides containing the arginine-glycine-aspartate motif. Accumulation of cellular adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) stimulated by parathyroid hormone, cholera toxin, and forskolin was augmented (50-150%) in cells plated on Coll-I vs. control. The collagen effect on both [Ca2+]i- and adenylate cyclasesignaling pathways in UMR-106 cells was abrogated in the presence of protein kinase C (PKC) depletion or inhibition. Also, Coll-I induced a twofold increase in membrane-bound PKC without changing cytosolic PKC activity. Thus, by altering PKC activity, Coll-I modulates the [Ca2+]i- and cAMP-signaling pathways in osteoblasts. This, in turn, may influence bone remodeling processes.
American Journal of Physiology
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