Cell interaction with extracellular matrix (ECM) modulates cell growth and differentiation.
By using in vitro culture systems, we tested the effect of type I collagen (Coll-I) on signal transduction mechanisms in the osteosarcoma cell line UMR-106 and in primary cultures from neonatal rat calvariae. Cells were cultured for 72 h on Coll-I gel matrix and compared with control cells plated on plastic surfaces. Agonist-dependent and voltage-dependent rises in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) were significantly blunted in cells cultured on Coll-I compared with cells grown on plastic. In UMR-106 cells, the collagen matrix effect was mimicked by 24-h incubation with soluble Coll-I or short peptides containing the arginine-glycine-aspartate motif. Accumulation of cellular adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) stimulated by parathyroid hormone, cholera toxin, and forskolin was augmented (50-150%) in cells plated on Coll-I vs. control. The collagen effect on both [Ca2+]i- and adenylate cyclasesignaling pathways in UMR-106 cells was abrogated in the presence of protein kinase C (PKC) depletion or inhibition. Also, Coll-I induced a twofold increase in membrane-bound PKC without changing cytosolic PKC activity. Thus, by altering PKC activity, Coll-I modulates the [Ca2+]i- and cAMP-signaling pathways in osteoblasts. This, in turn, may influence bone remodeling processes.